INDIA | GARHWAL

Folio from an Usha-Aniruddha Romance series
India, Garhwal 
c. 1840
Gouache and gold on paper

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Folio from an Usha-Aniruddha Romance series
India, Garhwal 
c. 1840
Gouache and gold on paper
9 x 12 in. (22.9 x 30.5 cm.)

Usha, daughter of Vana, King of the Daityas had a dream of a wonderfully handsome prince with whom she instantly fell in love. Chitralekha, Usha’s friend aided her in drawing portraits of all the princes until Usha recognized Aniruddha, grandson of Krishna. At her behest Chitralekha proceeds to Dwarka to bring Aniruddha back to Usha’s kingdom.
Here we see Usha coming upon Aniruddha in his princely chamber and after awaking he explains that he too has had a similar dream of a beautiful princess and accompanies Chitralekha to Usha. A great battle ensues because of the dream crossed lovers.

A leaf from the Ramayana:
Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana Exiled
Attributed to Chaitu
Garwhal, Uttarakhand
c. 1825 – 1850
Opaque watercolor heightened with gold on paper

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A leaf from the Ramayana:
Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana Exiled
Attributed to Chaitu
Garwhal, Uttarakhand
c. 1825 – 1850
Opaque watercolor heightened with gold on paper
9 1/2 x 7 1/2 in. (24.13 x 19.05 cm.)

Provenance:
Property of a diplomat, acquired in India during the 1950’s
Published:
Studies in Indian Painting, by Nanalala Chamanlal Mehta, Bombay, 1926
Page 53, no. 19 “Rama’s Departure”
Painters of the Pahari Schools
Page 143, no. 2 “Chaitu at Tehri Garwhal”, Usha Bhatia

“Chaitu was particularly fond of simple hues, and his reliance on fluidity of line is noteworthy. Another of Chaitu’s strengths is the animated way he rendered the drapery of women’s garments. These graceful forms seem to share the emotional life of their beautiful owners who slowly trail their gowns through the elegant painted scenes. The decorative element is always subordinate to the principal action of the picture, and one might say Chaitu’s paintings have an element of austerity about them. In this scene Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita, in obedience to the commands of King Dashratha, are leaving Ayodhya to dwell in the forest. The background is painted with the same thoughtful simplicity in yellowish green that is a signature of Chaitu.” – Usha Bhatia

Rukmini Visiting the Temple 
India, Garwhal
c. 1800
Gouache and gold on paper

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Rukmini Visiting the Temple 
India, Garwhal
c. 1800
Gouache and gold on paper
Folio: 9 x 13 1/4 in. (22.8 x 33.6 cm.)
Image: 7 3/4 x 12 in. (19.6 x 30.4 cm.)